Top 15 Programming Languages in the World in 2024

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It is not easy to talk about popularity of a programming languages as they are changing rapidly. It’s so much difficult to predict that which programming language is going to get more popularity in future.

But we can do an estimate prediction keeping pace with our trending computer science technology. It should be mentioned that the position on the list does not mean one language is better than other.

We only have taken some prediction depending on repositories on GitHub, developer’s feedback and recent popularity.

Actually it depends on the type of your work as well as your present position. So, let’s go through the list.

List of top 15 programming languages

The list of top 15 programming languages according to their use and popularity is given bellow;

programming languages

1. Python

In recent years Python programming language has gained much popularity among developers. It is an open source, flexible, object oriented, interpreted programming language and has easiest feature to use.

Python has some very popular framework like Django, Flask, Pyramid which helps it to gained more popularity.

Python is integrated with C, C++ and also provide cross browser support. Python programmers have a higher rate of getting more jobs nowadays.

It is mostly used programming language in web development, artificial intelligence, machine learning and many other scientific operations.

There is no possibility of Python programmers to slow down opportunity soon.

2. JavaScript

Javascript programming language is universally known as the language of the web developers.

javascript programming language for web development

Javascript is a feature reached object oriented scripting language.

Though it has started its journey as a client side scripting language but it is now both a front end and backend development programming language.

Some very popular frameworks of javascript programming language are node.js, react.js, angular.js, vue.js, meteor etc.

If you have the domination over any of its frameworks, obviously many doors of job will be opened for you.

It is a very suitable programming language for web development, backend development, mobile development as well as game development.

It is comparatively easy to learn and very fast for both client side and server side. So, if you want to become a web developer in future then JavaScript would be your first choice.

3. Java

Java is a very popular open source, cross platform programming language and relatively easy to learn.

It has some very powerful features like strong memory management, backward compatibility, high performance etc.

Some popular frameworks of java are spring, struts, hibernate etc. Many IT industry offers job for a java programmer.

It is very useful for android app development, web development, big data as well as enterprise software development.

Especially if you want to become an android app developer in future then it will really be your good starting.

4. C++

Created as an extension of C programming language, C++ is now a standalone high level language all over the world.

It is very much suitable for machine learning, deep learning, embedded system, game development etc.

It has a lot of libraries and compilers and gives us fastest execution facility. It is suitable for learning basics of coding at a low hardware level.

So, it would be your good choice if you want to be a competitive programmer or a good software engineer in future.

5. C

C programming language is a general purpose mostly used computer programming language.

It is a must to become a great software engineer especially for software development domain. It is a structured language and easy to learn.

It is invented for writing UNIX operating system and for this UNIX is totally written by C.

Not only operating system but also the popular translator programs like compiler, assembler, interpreter, text editors, network drivers etc are made by C.

If you want to become a good software engineers in future then you have no way to ignore C at all.

6. Golang

Golang also known as Go is developed by google itself and one of the rapid growing programming languages. It is an open source, statistically typed, compiled and explicit programming language.

Golang is also multi paradigm and object oriented inspired by python and C. Revel and BEEGO are two of its very popular frameworks.

So, if you want to start with this language, then it will not be wrong at all.

7. R

R programming language is more popular for statistical analysis and data science. It has an open source, cross platform compatibility.

R is usually featured in the financial domain, comes to building statistical models.

R programming language has also the ability to create web applications. It provides a wide variety of statistical and graphical techniques and is highly extensible.

It includes an effective data handling, storage facility, calculation on arrays, tools for data analysis etc.

8. Kotlin

Kotlin is one of the most trending programming languages nowadays. It is a cross platform general purpose programming language.

Kotlin is fully interpreted with Java and preferred language for android app developers which is announced by Google in 2019.

Kotlin is most favorites to the developer for android apps development. Some of its popular frameworks are ktor, vertx, spring etc. It is an alternative to Java now.

9. C#

C# is a simple object oriented programming language with an extensive set of libraries.

C# has a very fast execution and compilation of programs. It is used with the .NET framework to design web forms and windows applications.

C# is one of the most popular programming languages for game development like Xbox, virtual reality game, unity 3D games as well as web development and enterprise software development.

It provides a more secure environment than both C and C++. Some of its most popular frameworks are .NET, Xamarin etc.

So, this programming language would be your great choice if you want to become a game developer in future.

10. Swift

Swift is an object oriented block structured programming language.

It has features like better readability, speed, and dynamic libraries which reduces application size as well as better performance.

Swift is specially made for application development.

Swift has a great influence on Mack OS, watch OS and other apple apps. Cocoa, cloudkit etc are some of its popular frameworks.

This programming language is most popular for mobile development , iOS, IoT (Internet Of Things), Deep learning etc.

It works well with objective-C and has easy to use server side integration with any platforms.

11. PHP

PHP is mostly used for building dynamic, data heavy apps and backend development.

Still now more than 85% websites are using this programming language including Facebook, Wikipedia, Zoom, WordPress etc.

PHP is platform independent and has a very large community all over the world. Some of its popular frameworks are Laravel, Symfony, CakePHP, Phalcon etc.

Although PHP programming language is now on the way to loss its popularity but it would be a good choice if you want to make CMS system development and E-commerce apps development.

12. Ruby

Ruby is a general purpose programming language combining features of Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel and others.

It is usable for both frontend and backend development as well as data analysis.

Ruby is more flexible, open source and has easily readable syntax. Ruby on rails, Hanami, Sinatra and Cuba are some of its popular framework.

This programming language has also some special features like dedicated support community, quick development speed etc.

So, it can be a good choice for a future web developer.


MATLAB stands for “matrix laboratory” is a multi paradigm programming language provides numerical computing environment.

It is very suitable programming language for data analysis, numerical computing as well as artificial intelligence.

MATLAB programming language is equally helpful for image processing, app development, scientific simulations etc.

It has an extensive library and can converts to Python, C, C++, Java etc. But its speed is not good and requires an expensive license to use.

14. TypeScript

Typescript which is designed by Microsoft is a superset of Javascript. It works well both at web and mobile platforms.

Typescript programming language can be used to developed javascript applications for both server side and client side which can be done by node.js also.

It can be the alternative to JavaScript in future. Typescript is very efficient for web development, game development, mobile development etc.

This programming language is also open source and work well with JavaScript. If you have some knowledge of using JavaScript then it will be very easy to pick it up.

Although it is not very secure but it can build your future if you have a a good domination over it.

15. Scala

Scalla provides both object oriented and functional programming features. It is also a general purpose programming language developed in 2004.

It provides language interoperability with Java and is built with the best features of Java. Scala programming language is equally suitable both for web development and android app development.

But its tools are not mature enough as Java and for this developers don’t like it as java.

Final thoughts

You can easily switch another programming language if you have learnt any language. Because all the programming language have same logic, functions, conditions, array, loops etc.

So, instead of wasting more time to prefer one you should start with any one of this list. Then you can switch another language if want.

Learning a programming language is not easy at all. You have to work hard to learn it. So, if you already have started any of them, then continue that.

Please, tell us your opinion bellow the comment box and let us know your experience. We are very font of hearing from you.

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